This tutorial explains how to convert workload-scoped Helm charts to Score, a streamlined method of deploying workloads with Humanitec. It provides a detailed overview of the process, prerequisites needed, and step-by-step instructions for converting and deploying a simple Helm chart to Score.
Using Score with Humanitec Platform Orchestrator, developers can provision resources, handle configuration values, and ensure that secrets are kept secure with ease. This tutorial is relevant for organizations that are using or considering using Humanitec to streamline their deployment process. By adopting Score, developers can benefit from automatic provisioning of resources, automatic injection of configuration values, and a single configuration file for all environments.
Score can be considered as an alternative to Helm because it solves challenges that Helm does not; for example, it can provision the database resource that a workload requires, and automatically inject configuration values into the workload from the resources and environment criteria using placeholders. In summary, this tutorial will help you to deploy workloads on Humanitec with Score, improving your organization's deployment process.
Before starting this tutorial, you’ll need:
- A Humanitec account (if you don’t have an account yet, explore the full functionality of Humanitec and test it free for 45 days)
- score-humanitec installed on your computer
- A POSIX-Compliant Bash terminal (otherwise, you may need to slightly change the commands below)
We will convert this simple Helm Chart to Score to deploy to Humanitec. You can find the repository for this chart here
Multiple development teams can use this workload-scoped Helm template by changing the values to suit their needs. However, there are a few challenges that Helm does not solve for you:
- Helm will not provision the database resource this workload requires; a developer must do it separately with a Terraform template or another IaC method. Or they have to file a ticket and an operations team will need to do it and then pass the configuration back to the dev
- The developer needs to provide configuration values for the workload; these values may be easy to fetch, or they may need to contact an operations team and wait
- Each environment will need its own values file
- Secrets must be handled carefully so they don’t end up in a repository or somewhere unsafe
- The Helm template is somewhat fixed; changing it can be a tedious process
The above Helm template and accompanying values file for all environments can be translated into the following Score file; notice how the fields translate to the same names, but the syntax is simplified:
Using Score with Humanitec bestows the following advantages:
- Resources specified (the database) are automatically provisioned based on Resource Definitions platform engineers define in Humanitec
- The configuration values are automatically injected into the Workload from the Resources and Environment criteria using Placeholders
- One config file for all Environments. Humanitec automatically infers Environment configuration and Resources based on Matching Criteria
- Secrets need not be handled; they are safely placed in a secret store and injected into the Workload at deployment time
- Template and configuration are one
Applying the Score file
Step 1: Clone the repository
Step 2: Populate config values
Populate the Humanitec configuration variables for your Deployment; these Environment variables will be used in all the commands that interact with Humanitec in your shell.
To get the Humanitec Token, go into the UI and click on the API Tokens menu:
The Organization name will be named when you create your Humanitec account; you can find it at the bottom left corner of the screen:
And you can also find it in the URL:
You can populate the App with any name you want; we will create it in the next step.
Step 3: Create a Humanitec App
Apps are how Humanitec groups your Workloads. If you have multiple Workloads that need to interact with one another, it makes sense to deploy them within the same App. An App would typically be created by a platform engineer and handed down to a developer to work with, but in our demo environment, we will create it ourselves.
Create a Humanitec App:
Your output will look like this:
Step 4: Deploy your Score file
Your output will look like this:
Step 5: Verify Deployment
Go to the Humanitec UI and select the Application you just created:
Going into the Humanitec console, you can see the result and access the ingress.
Click on the active Deployment and the hello-world Workload:
You will see the log output and the Placeholders providing the values:
Copy the ingress address:
When you paste it on your browser you will see this:
Step 5: Clean up
This command will delete the App you created, in case you want to start over from step 3:
In this tutorial, you've learned how to convert a workload-scoped Helm chart to Score, and how to deploy it with the Humanitec Platform Orchestrator. You've seen how Score provides a better alternative to Helm by allowing automatic provisioning of Resources, automatic injection of configuration values, and a single configuration file for all environments. You've also explored some of the prerequisites, such as having a Humanitec account and installing score-humanitec.
Now that you've learned how to use Score to deploy workloads on Humanitec, learn how to use Score with Humanitec here.